Tobacco smoke is made up of thousands of chemicals and many of them are very harmful. Around 70 of them cause cancer.
Poisons in tobacco smoke include:
- Carbon monoxide:Fatal in large doses, this poisonous gas is also found in car exhaust fumes. It takes the place of oxygen in your blood, starving your lungs, heart, and other organs of the oxygen they need to function properly.
- Tar: This sticky brown substance coats your lungs like soot in a chimney. Tar and smoke irritate your lungs, increasing the amount of mucus in your chest and restricting your breathing.
- Long-term smokers are at a higher risk of developing a range of potentially deadly diseases including:
- Heart disease, heart attack and stroke
- Cancer of the lungs, mouth, nose, throat, oesophagus, pancreas, kidney, liver, bladder, bowel, ovary, cervix, bone marrow, and stomach
- Lung diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema
- Poor blood circulation in feet and hands, which can lead to pain and, in severe cases, gangrene and amputation
- Stopping smoking is achievable in the motivated person. Upon stopping there are immediate improvements to your health and the risk of the above diseases diminish with the passage of time. Stopping smoking is among the most important decisions in your life and the sooner you stop the more you get out of life.